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Dr. Yazan Ghosheh

Minimally invasive heart surgery offers many advantages

Minimally invasive is a term used to describe surgeries that provide an alternative to traditional surgery. When it comes to heart surgery and procedures, this means smaller incisions that avoid more complex operations such as open-heart surgery.

Heart surgeons at CHI St. Vincent Heart Institute perform many minimally invasive procedures, including mitral or aortic valve repair and replacement, coronary artery bypass grafting and ventricular assist device implantation, among others. Some of these procedures are even performed with robotic surgical instruments.

If you’re wondering what minimally invasive surgery means for patients, here are some of the biggest benefits of these procedures:

  • Less pain
  • Less scarring
  • Shorter hospital stay
  • Lower risk of infection and bleeding
  • Shorter recovery time

Under the radar with Dr. Yazan Ghosheh

When it comes to cardiac health, vascular diseases are probably not the first thing that comes to mind. However vascular diseases like peripheral artery disease (PAD) and venous insufficiency are common and sometimes overlooked. In fact, CHI St. Vincent Heart Institute interventional cardiologist Yazan Ghosheh, MD, calls PAD “an underdiagnosed and undertreated epidemic in the South.”

What is peripheral artery disease (PAD)?

PAD is the narrowing of the arteries to the legs, stomach, arms and head. It is most common in the arteries of the legs and pelvis. PAD can result from a condition known as atherosclerosis, where a waxy substance called plaque forms inside of the arteries. When enough plaque builds up on the inside of an artery, the artery becomes clogged, and blood flow is slowed or stopped. This can cause pain and cramping in the legs.

How do you diagnose and treat PAD?

PAD diagnosis starts with knowing a patient's history and examining the individual. If a patient has PAD, a simple test comparing the patient’s blood pressure in the ankle to the blood pressure in the arms. Depending on that test’s results, a Doppler ultrasound or other imaging technique might be done. Once a diagnosis is made, the treatment plan may include lifestyle changes, medication, or minimally invasive procedures such as angioplasty or stent placement.

Peripheral artery disease (PAD) risk factors:

Some risk factors for PAD Include:

  • Family history of PAD
  • Smoking
  • Diabetes
  • High cholesterol
  • High blood pressure