Quapaw Return to Arkansas Bearing a Casino


Caleb McMahon, left,  director of economic development for Jefferson County, and Ryan Watley, CEO of Go Forward Pine Bluff, at a mural in downtown Pine Bluff of Chief Saracen, namesake of the imminent Quapaw casino.
Caleb McMahon, left, director of economic development for Jefferson County, and Ryan Watley, CEO of Go Forward Pine Bluff, at a mural in downtown Pine Bluff of Chief Saracen, namesake of the imminent Quapaw casino. (Karen E. Segrave)
John Berrey, chairman of the Quapaw Tribe of Indians, said the $350 million Pine Bluff casino complex will be developed along the lines of the tribe’s Downstream Casino Resort in Oklahoma.
John Berrey, chairman of the Quapaw Tribe of Indians, said the $350 million Pine Bluff casino complex will be developed along the lines of the tribe’s Downstream Casino Resort in Oklahoma. (Wesley Hitt)
Architect’s renditions of the proposed Quapaw-run casino for Pine Bluff, tentatively named Saracen Casino Resort, after a historic Quapaw Tribe chief.
Architect’s renditions of the proposed Quapaw-run casino for Pine Bluff, tentatively named Saracen Casino Resort, after a historic Quapaw Tribe chief.
An architect's renditions of the proposed Quapaw-run casino for Pine Bluff, tentatively named Saracen Casino Resort, after a historic Quapaw Tribe chief. Issue 4, approved by Arkansans, will allow casinos in four counties.
An architect's renditions of the proposed Quapaw-run casino for Pine Bluff, tentatively named Saracen Casino Resort, after a historic Quapaw Tribe chief. Issue 4, approved by Arkansans, will allow casinos in four counties.

When Arkansas voters approved Issue 4 on Nov. 6, they set in motion what some Pine Bluff boosters see as a much-needed cloudburst of prosperity headed their way. Now known as Amendment 100, the change in law opened the doors to the coming arrival of the Quapaw tribe’s $350 million Saracen Casino Resort.

“This almost is the equivalent of having 1,000 jobs dropping out of the sky on us,” said Caleb McMahon, director of economic development for Jefferson County.

The casino development represents a future entry among the county’s top five employers, where only four top the 1,000 mark: Jefferson Regional Medical Center at 1,575, Tyson Foods at 1,500, Arkansas Department of Correction at 1,430 and Evergreen Packaging at 1,040.

The workforce at Saracen Casino Resort could exceed the headcount at Evergreen’s paperboard mill. “We’re thinking it will be north of that, eleven hundredish,” said John Berrey, chairman of the Quapaw Tribe of Indians.

The required letters of local political support to gain a license from the state are already in hand. The Arkansas Racing Commission is required to set rules for the state’s new casino gaming structure by no later than March 14. No license application can be submitted until the rules are finalized.

While the bureaucratic process continues to churn, construction momentum is building.

“We’re moving along,” Berrey said. “We’re doing geotechnical drilling. We’re working on structural design. We’ve hired a construction manager, and we’ve hired an architect, Marlon Blackwell of Fayetteville. We’re way ahead of the game right now.”

Suffolk Construction of Dallas and Nabholz Construction Corp. of Conway have teamed up to manage construction of the Saracen Casino Resort, which will be modeled after the tribe’s Downstream Casino Resort in the northeast corner of Oklahoma.

The future location of the Pine Bluff casino at the south-east corner of the Martha Mitchell Expressway and U.S. 63-79 is something of an open secret. Land assembly for the 300-acre site east of The Pines Mall was completed in December.

Berrey remains optimistic that the 70,000- to 80,000-SF casino portion of the development can be completed and open before the end of the year.

Completion of the 350-room hotel, conference space, entertainment venue, spa and restaurants would follow in 2020. The project will incorporate museums devoted to the history of the blues, Native Americans and African-Americans in the Jefferson County area.

“We built Downstream in record time,” Berrey said. “Our expectation is we will do the same here.”

The tribe’s way of doing business and their Downstream Casino Resort provide a promising template to replicate in Pine Bluff.

“This group has been amazing to work with,” McMahon said. “They’re really in it for the right reasons and trying to do right by everyone involved.

“They have doctors and child care on site for workers. They even do subsidized housing for workers. There’s a real community approach to everything they do.”

Open Arms
Across the 75 counties in Arkansas, the casino amendment passed by a 54.1 to 45.9 margin. Jefferson County voters embraced the prospect of hosting a casino more heartily than most, posting a 64.5 to 35.5 margin in favor.

That strong showing at the polls didn’t surprise McMahon, given the community interaction with Quapaw representatives he’d seen.

“All the meetings with local people here were all very supportive from the very beginning,” he said. “And they were full steam ahead, and we got the result we wanted.”


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Only three counties expressed more voter support for the casino gambling measure than Jefferson: Crittenden at 66.2 percent, Mississippi at 65.43 and Chicot at 64.6 percent.

The local outcome at the polls doesn’t mean the temperature has cooled safely for the political hot potato presented by gambling.

Pine Bluff Mayor Shirley Washington and Jefferson County Judge Gerald Robinson signed letters of support for the Quapaw’s Downstream Development Authority to operate a casino in Pine Bluff.

But they didn’t want to talk about the project. Both declined comment for this article.

In addition to jobs, the Saracen Casino Resort will inject new revenue into state, municipal and county coffers as well as fattening the purses for horse racing in Hot Springs and greyhound racing in West Memphis.

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Any casinos resulting from Amendment 100 are required to pay taxes to the state, 13 percent on the first $150 million of net casino gaming receipts and 20 percent on receipts above $150 million.

This money will be divvied between the state’s general fund, 55 percent, and the Racing Commission, 17.5 percent earmarked to use for purses for live horse racing and greyhound racing.

In the case of Saracen tax revenue, the balance would be split between Pine Bluff, 19.5 percent, and Jefferson County, 8 percent.

“The casino hopes to in-crease what we hope to do, which is to increase the tax base,” said Ryan Watley, CEO of Go Forward Pine Bluff. “It is a game changer.”

Saracen Casino Resort is viewed as a southern anchor for economic renewal in Pine Bluff to connect with the revitalization efforts downtown.

“It’s synergistic from our point of view,” Watley said. “It puts the pressure on us to accomplish more, and it couldn’t have come at a better time to have that kind of investment.

“We’ve done a lot, but we have so much more to do to be successful.”


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